Ben said something in a comment that made me think a bit
for the upper side of middle class these are brutal times with generation X ers significantly harder up than their baby-boomer parents. The desire they have to maintain the same lifestyle they were brought up with is almost certainly overpowering
There’s a lot in that. It’s hard to equate directly – I am probably tail end of the baby boom, DW is GenX and I had a better experience of work than she did. And work in general is getting less rewarding IMO. I’ve ascribed this to digital Taylorism before, although there is also the possibility that I am losing tolerance and adaptability to business trends through the usual process of getting more ornery and curmudgeonly as I get older.
Ben’s comment gave me a double-take. A lot of things are far better for GenX than they were for baby boomers, gone are the draughty coal-fire heated houses of the London I grew up in. TV is better, both in programming and in picture quality. Far more people have cars, though that has its downside too. Those cars are far more reliable now – I recall changing clutch cables and water pumps by the side of the road in the freezing winter a couple of decades ago. But I know what he means. Some of the important things in life, like accommodation and jobs early on, were commoner and easier to afford on typical wages than they are now. Britain paid its way in the world more, and had less global competition. More of our consumption was made locally in the mid-20th century than it is now. As a resut we had more jobs, relatively, but our stuff was of a poorer quality, hence the unreliable cars and TV sets 🙂
That decline in standard of living will progress and accelerate, as the West loses competitive edge to the East. Robert Peston had a programme ‘How The West went Bust‘ on TV last year and he pretty much laid this out with evidence. We’re overpaid compared to other people, and globalisation and improved communications will see to it that wages equalise. To see the level they will find themselves at, we are probably overpaid by five times relative to the Chinese by his reckoning. Split the difference and real wages will fall to about a third of their current real value, weight by population size and our pay will fall even further.
It’s not guaranteed, of course. There are some things that could happen that would forestall this sucker punch from globalisation. Peak Oil would put a major spanner in the works of those long supply chains and we’d have to make the stuff we use more locally again or do without. The Raspberry Pi could galvanise a generation of British kids to do something with the sticky grey stuff in their craniums rather than watching TOWIE and wanting to become a sleb.
However, the tragedy behind Ben’s comment is that each generation will have to strive harder to achieve some of the basics their parents had because of increasing global competition until that is assimilated, or the myth of continuous growth finally goes titsup, in which case it is Game Over for a lot of our standard of living.
Standard of Living ≠ Quality of Life
Just because we have an advertising industry hollering out that buying Stuff and Experiences is what makes a better quality of life doesn’t make it true, but unfortunately it makes it easy to believe that’s the case.
Obviously, at the bottom end of the standard of living scale it does directly influence quality of life. If you haven’t got enough to eat or you haven’t got a roof over your head then your quality of life isn’t great. However, one of the myths of British culture that causes a lot of misery is that you have to own that damned roof. At an early stage in your adult life you take on a huge financial risk and expose yourself to a big one-time purchase in a cyclical market. To make things worse, some of us don’t understand the repayment part of buying a house and get ourselves into a right pickle.
Other European countries manage better by having a working rental market with professional landlords rather than our motley crew of amateur buy-to-letters. It’s been a long time since I had dealings with landlords but the professionals always delivered a better experience than the amateur accidental landlords. It sounds like nothing has improved in the intervening quarter of a century.
That’s just one aspect, but there are many cases where we built non-negotiable costs into our lives. Each and every one of those binds the chains of wage and debt-slavery tighter. It doesn’t have to be this way.
You can separate Quality of Life from Standard of Living
Subject to a minimum standard, which you can achieve in Britain on benefits which is part of the financial problem we are in 😉 you can improve your quality of life separately to your standard of living. Ray has a much better quality of life than I currently have, though my standard of living is probably higher than his even after saving is taken out. Standard of living you influence by earning more, and/or eliminating debt costs. It is primarily about the amount of money you have in terms of income.
Quality of life is largely about how well your needs are met. Finance and society address the bottom two of Maslow’s hierachy of needs, after that it’s up to you and the people around you to work it out. Ray is living his values, and he’s comfortable. I am not living my values, so I have issues in the self-actualisation department. I am working towards fixing that, but I’m not there yet. Once I have sorted that, I will probably have a better standard of living and quality of life than Ray 😉
It’s the job of the advertising industry to convince you that money will buy solutions to the top three levels. They do a very good job of it, and lead most of us into a continual epic fail. Let’s take a look at those top three levels.
You can’t buy Love
For a start most of us manage to break out of that fail in the love department, though there’s the oldest profession in the world for those that prefer to use cash rather than charm 😉
To get anywhere with love you have to be a lovable person and to be able to give enough of yourself to love. That’s about how you are, not what you buy or what you own. However, the admen get in there too, with Valentine’s day, diamond rings, the wedding industry, almost anything to do with children, you get the picture. We are all social creatures to some extent, and again, lasting success in interacting with others is about who and how you are. You can take some shortcuts with what you have, but the sort of love and friendship money can buy tends not to stick around at times when you need it, or when the money runs out.
You can sort of buy Esteem
The Esteem level is absolutely rife with products to make you feel you are special by virtue of what you buy, and we fall for it every time.
The sort of esteem that money can buy you is shallow and impermanent – you achieve self esteem through self-knowledge, consistency, living your values and knowing what you stand for.
The sort of esteem you get from lowering your car suspension, fitting a loud sound system and detuning your engine with a bigger exhaust pipe is all about trying to dominate the ‘hood. It’s the same sort of esteem as the cock sparrow on the gutter dominating the area with his chirping. The self-esteem you get from what you own is all very well but it suffers from the ancient problem of the sound of a tree falling in the forest with nobody to hear it. If your self-esteem is dependent on other people looking at what you have and where you are then it will fail you in the dark night of your soul when you need it most. You can’t buy that, you have to grow it through hard work and self-knowledge, and even then there are no guarantees.
You can’t buy Self-Actualisation
It’s in the title. Doesn’t stop there being a huge industry being out there to separate potential self-acualisers from their money, but the Delphic Oracle had it spot-on, all those years ago.
Know Thyself. It’s something only you can do, and to achieve self-actualisation it’s something you have to do.
Quality Of life is about what you Are as well as what you Have
It took far too long for me to come to this realisation. Shona hasn’t got it yet, bless her, though she’s on a voyage of discovery. It is something that I found in a crisis point, I saw clearer, that I didn’t need another eight years of a decent middle class salary doing a middle class job.
So I started to make the biggest purchase in my life, of something no ad-man has ever offered me. In financial terms it is much more costly than my house and car. What I am buying cannot be held, or weighed, it is intangible by definition.
It is freedom and dominion over my time. No Stuff will be as good as Freedom from wage-slavery feels. It has no fixed price – Jacob in his ERE days won his freedom far earlier in his life than I and for a far lower price. There are other ways of doing it – Dolly Freed’s book Possum Living shows another way.
One of the things that saving towards buying financial independence showed me was I don’t need a lot more Stuff in my life, because my spending on Stuff dropped way down. I don’t miss it any more. Even if I had no independent savings if I drew my pension early I would have to increase my spending on Stuff to use it up. I do miss some things that I had to give up to shorten the period of saving to a minimum, and I’ll probably restart them. But more than half of my spending was a chimera from which I derived no lasting pleasure. To hell with that. I had to find that out the hard way, some times that is the only way; Nietzsche had some point with that which does not kill us makes us stronger.
Tyler Durden showed why it’s so hard to see this consumerist fallacy in Fight Club It’s only after we’ve lost everything that we’re free to do anything. Because he’s a movie the principle is overstated for dramatic effect, but far too many people cling to the inessentials of life as their standard of living falls only to lose the essentials because they are misallocating their resources.
Taking a controlled standard of living hit upfront means I haven’t had to give up anything really important to me
I was ‘lucky’ when I thought I was done for working three years ago. I first prioritised short term savings, along these lines, but what I percieved as an immediate hazard of having to leave work turned out to be less acute. At no time in the past three years have I attempted to recover my original standard of living. I simply aimed for a controlled crash-landing to a satisfactory standard of living, slowly surrendering disposable income to buy my future income, a reverse of the ‘borrowing from my future self‘ by saving to my future self.
I targeted half my income as a reasonable goal. I was more than halfway through the controlled crash landing when I realised that I was in danger of succeeding, despite not having the benefit of compound interest on my side. Some things make the job a lot easier for me than, say, ERE. I already own my house outright, and I have been saving in a good pension for nearly a quarter of a century. Against me, I want to retire early, which weakens the pension severely, combined with dastardly dealings from my employer which means even if I carry on working to 65 I can never realise the original target of half my salary with that pension now.
It is only now that I realise I have no need for half my current income, proven by the simple fact that I am saving well over half of it. This is largely as a result of taking the standard of living hit entirely under my control and in ways of my choosing. I will improve my quality of life once I have completed the path.
The Times They Are a Changing – Choose Quality of Life over Standard of Living
These challenges are coming to many of us in Britain, and Ben opined
The desire they have to maintain the same lifestyle they were brought up with is almost certainly overpowering
They need to kill that desire. The key to preserving your quality of life when your standard of living is going down is to get ahead of the curve and choosing where the dwindling resources will be allocated. Doing that reactively puts you in endless firefighting mode.
Choose your battles before they choose you. Live intentionally, know yourself, what your values are, what matters to you, what your resources are and what your potential is. Then deploy those resources, stay adaptable to changing circumstances, and live.
One good tip here is to engineer out as many fixed costs and long term commitments as you can from your life, things like Sky TV, long mobile phone contracts, any sort of contract like gyms. For elective spending it’s sometimes worth paying more for something to get that freedom from long-term lock-in. For things you must have, like mortgage/rent and fuel contracts are okay, but many people see the savings on elective contracts without seeing the invisible chains of spending that tie them down. And think long and hard before taking financial responsibility for anything that eats.
That’s where Shona screwed up. That family could either pay for school fees, or for their huge house. If the school fees mattered more, they would have downsized ages ago, when the first child went to public school, and not been caught on the hop. If the house were more important, then the school fees would go, and they’d still be living in their fancy house.
Prioritising worked for me, though I was already living within my means when I started, unlike Shona. I cut the holidays, the gadgets, the media buying. I’ve already bought myself a tax-free income of over a hundred pounds a month with my measly post tax savings, and a potential income of a lot more with pre-tax savings, which I will spring tax-free as a pension commencement lump sum. I also bought myself a stake in a business, three years’ index-linked living expenses with NS&I and a cash emergency fund.
It’s all about the choices you make, and I’ve chosen to surrender standard of living to buy a better quality of life. They’re not the same, whatever the admen want to have you believe. If it traps you in a job you don’t like or takes you away from seeing your children grow up, then a higher standard of living is often associated with a poorer quality of life. It’s the dirty underside of consumerism, and it needs to be called out every so often. Choose quality of life over standard of living. You’ll feel better for it 😉